Concussions can be dangerous. But they are especially dangerous for young children as they may not be able to express how they are feeling. A concussion is a brain injury that occurs when a blow to the head or body causes the brain to move in its surrounding fluid. The brain can twist or knock against the skull, temporarily affecting how the child thinks and acts.
It is extremely important therefore to keep a close eye on children if they have had a bump or knock to the head for some time afterwards.
Signs of a concussion in babies
In young babies signs of a concussion can include:
- Crying if you move the baby’s head
- Bruise or bump on the head
- Drainage, clear or bloody from their nose, mouth or ears
Signs of concussion in Toddlers
Toddlers may be able to indicate if their head is hurting and be more vocal about their symptoms:
- Nausea or vomiting
- Sensitivity to noise or light
- Sleeping more or less
Signs of concussion in children aged 2+
You may see more of a behavioural change in your child such as:
- Feeling dizzy or having problems with balance.
- Slow to answer questions
- Trouble concentrating
- Change in sleep patterns
- Trouble remembering
When should you see a doctor?
You should go and see a Doctor if you notice that your child is acting slightly differently, concussion can appear after 72 hours of the initial accident.
“Is my child acting normally?”
“Are they more drowsy than normal?”
“Is there a change in their behaviour?”
If your child is awake, active and in no signs of pain then they are mostly likely going to be fine but of course it is always good to go and get the bump checked out. If your child is showing signs of concussion especially if they are vomiting, has lost consciousness for more than 2 minutes, struggling to wake up or having a seizure then medical attention is required straight away.
Allow your child to take a nap if they want too, it is a good way for the brain to heal just be careful on how you are waking them up.
Treatment for concussion
The best way to treat concussion is to rest. The brain needs a lot of rest to heal from a concussion, and full recovery can take months up to a year, depending on how bad the concussion was. The brain needs rest from both physical and mental activities. Do not allow your child to use screens of any kind as these can overstimulate and excite the brain.
Sleeping is the best way to recover from a concussion, so encourage quiet times, nap times and early bedtimes.
If you child shows any signs or grogginess, confusion or mood swings get a follow up appointment with the Doctor. If you would like to find out more we do a Peadiatric first aid course click here for more information https://www.themidlandstrainingcompany.co.uk/product/qa-level-3-award-paediatric-first-aid-qcf/